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Heydar Aliyev International Airport Azerbaijan


Baku, Azerbaijan




Daniel Ross



Built in 2015, the terminal of Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Azerbaijan is located in the capital of Baku. The landmark terminal features interior architecture and experiential design by the globally acclaimed, Istanbul-based, Autoban studio.

It is covered with Axminster Carpet in same tone colors of the Airport in the Departure Lounge. 80% Wool 20% Fiber in steady woven construction to meet the heavy traffic in the airport.

The biggest design elements are the series of custom-made wooden ‘cocoons’, which the designers view as micro-architectural elements. In terms of the quantity of American white oak veneer used in the project, 6,000 square metres and 4,000 square metres were used for the cocoon shells and spandrel beams respectively. The largest cocoon is clad with 2,050 panels in 40 different sizes. To make the cocoons, Autoban played with natural materials and worked with craftsmen, but also used CNC milling and laser-cutting. Using Rhinoceros and AutoCAD to design the cocoons and 3DS Max to place the cocoons into the overall interior design, Autoban printed a 3D model of the open-framework cocoons and MAPA built a full-size mock-up in Ankara to test their functionality.

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